This article originally appeared in SOLO.

On the 15th of October 2007, several hundred armed police officers executed search warrants around New Zealand. They cordoned off Ruatoki, a small Maori village south of Whakatane, seized a number of firearms, and arrested 17 people. The police claimed that the raids, carried out under post 9/11 anti-terror legislation, were in the interests of public safety. What was revealed shocked New Zealand. Dozens of Maori, anarchist and environmental activists had been training in a series of camps in the Ruatoki area, which the police considered ‘terrorist training camps’. Intercepted conversations revealed in court had the arrestees talking about declaring war on New Zealand and planning to kill white people.

Image sourced from Flickr, used under Creative Commons license from Simon Oosterman

In response, the activist networks which had had members arrested sprang into action [1]. Newsletters, press releases, worldwide protests and a march on Parliament called for the 17 “political prisoners” to be released. By endless repetition of the same unproven stories – accusing police officers of searching a school bus, leaving children without food or water, trashing houses, and so on – these activists have successfully diverted attention from the very real threat which the Police neutralised. The image of police overreaction against peaceful protesters fits comfortably with media discourse. This was augmented by the fact that it was impossible for the Solicitor-General to lay charges under the Terrorism Suppression Act – not because there was no threat, he pointed out, but because the Act was so poorly drafted.

The result is an injustice against the New Zealand Police, who took control of the situation without any shots being fired and with no casualties. This article, drawing on leaked police evidence, will attempt to restore public confidence in the police by demonstrating why the alleged terrorists posed an objective threat to New Zealand’s security.

Historical precedents

The main reason why the raids shocked New Zealand was because of the pervasive idea that New Zealand is free of terrorism. This is not the case, and the plans of the Urewera plotters are not without precedent. Just to cite a few examples:

  • The Tuhoe tribe was semi-independent until the early 20th century. The last instance of violent rebellion was during a 1916 police raid on Maungapohatu, which left three Maori separatists dead.
  • Supporters of striking waterfront workers in Wellington in 1913 engaged in sabotage and attempted bombings.
  • During the Vietnam War, a group of students bombed military depots and other targets which they identified as right-wing – even the NZ Rugby Union [2].
  • In 1969 and 1973, Molotov cocktails and bombs were thrown at US diplomatic targets.
  • In 1982, New Zealand’s only suicide bombing involved anarchist Neil Roberts blowing himself up in the Police Computer Centre foyer in Wanganui, causing minor damage.
  • In 1987, a gang of Rastafarians in Ruatoria began an armed insurgency. Like the 2007 plotters, their leader declared war on New Zealand and talked about killing white people and driving farmers from their land. Their reign of terror involved capturing armed police at gunpoint, accusations of police brutality, and the arson of more than 60 buildings, including the courthouse and the police station. The rebellion only stopped when the Rasta leader, Chris Campbell, was shot dead by a local farmer in self-defence [3].

The network

The plot involved a large number of people around New Zealand, although most were based in Auckland, Wellington and Ruatoki. More than 50 suspects were identified by the Police, but up to 200 may have passed through the camps. Several camp attendees could not be identified, and most of those identified were not arrested. This is a testament to the security of the network – attendees used masks and code names to conceal their identities. Members were recruited through tribal and family links at first, but in 2007 they were joined by like-minded political activists. These included members of Peace Action Wellington (an anarchist front) and the Save Happy Valley Campaign, a ‘direct-action’ environmentalist group. The attendees of the training camps included the leadership of many well-known organizations.

The weapons

The network had an arsenal of rifles, shotguns and pistols, including military-style semiautomatics, and used high-capacity magazines and silencers. A grenade launcher was obtained, and Molotov cocktails were used at the camps. Attendees carried weapons at all times, firing off hundreds of rounds and carrying out ambush drills under the instruction of at least one Vietnam veteran and an ex-Territorial soldier.

Tuhoe activists have repeated the lie that only 4 weapons and 230 rounds of ammunition were seized so often that the media have taken it as fact. One Ruatoki suspect had two .22 calibre rifles and a 7.62 mm Saiga (a hunting rifle based on the AK-47) while another suspect had one rifle seized. However, many other weapons were found as well, according to Detective Inspector Bruce Good, who claimed that 20 weapons were seized including “AK-47 assault rifles, shotguns, rifles and pistols, plus silencers, scopes, ammunition and firearms parts.” [4]

Most of the firearms were purchased legally through one of the Auckland arrestees – one of the few members of the network with a firearms license. He bought rifles online through TradeMe, from Gun City in Christchurch, from two Auckland gun shops, and from a North Shore arms collector. The same North Shore dealer cut down a shotgun for him, offered to sell him “fireworks” and gave him an imported Chinese grenade launcher in exchange for a website. The suspect bought so much ammo – thousands of rounds – that he resorted to buying an ammunition-making machine, which he was paying off when he was arrested. He also modified a replica Glock starter pistol to fire live rounds, which he suggested could be used for an “execution-style” shooting.

Some of these weapons were transferred to anarchists and “peace activists”. This included an SKS (Russian predecessor of the AK-47) in Auckland, and a silenced .22 calibre firearm – possibly a pistol – given to a Wellington arrestee. Media reports suggest that no weapons were seized in Wellington, so these weapons may still be available to the suspects, who are all out on bail.

Gang links

Unsurprisingly given the popularity of gangs in the Ruatoki area, many of the suspects have gang connections. Two of them attempted to buy firearms from gang members. A Christchurch-based suspect was a former Black Power member, while a Hamilton arrestee had links to Mongrel Mob members. Of the 50 or so identified suspects, over half have criminal records. The most serious charges include aggravated robbery, burglary, assault, domestic violence, and injuring with intent using a firearm. Another arrestee was involved in an armed standoff with police in Ruatoki last year after assaulting his partner.

It appears that violent criminals were deliberately recruited – when one of the leaders asked a friend in Wairoa to recommend new recruits, the reply was that some men he knew were too violent for the camps. The reply was “Chur bro, violence is a virtue”.

The Tuhoe tribe has long been associated with the Mongrel Mob. These gang links could have given the plotters access to illegal firearms and a network of safe houses across New Zealand. It is a common trend for the boundary between street gangs and insurgency to be blurred in modern warfare. This is certainly the case in Northern Ireland and Iraq, the two conflicts which most influenced the Urewera plotters.

International links

Many of the activists who were arrested had links to the Zapatista movement in Mexico, which staged a violent rebellion in 1994 against NAFTA, and has extensive international links with anarchist and indigenous-rights movements. At least one had travelled to Chiapas to meet Zapatista leaders recently.

The leader of the Urewera plotters visited Fiji last year, but was deported because of his support for the indigenous coup leaders in Fji’s attempted coup in 2000.

More ominously, he also visited Iran, known internationally as the worst state sponsor of terrorism [5]. This was reportedly to arrange a business deal, although this story is discredited by the police transcripts, which reveal a discussion between the other leaders as to whether he would gain better contacts in Iraq or Iran. It is nor hard to imagine Islamic terrorists finding it cost-effective to “outsource” their desired attacks on New Zealand to local groups, although this is pure speculation.


So what did the plotters actually plan to do? The absence of specific plans was one of the main reasons why terror charges could not be laid against them. However, they did have several ideas. A priority for the group was developing the capacity to defend an independent Tuhoe nation in the Ureweras, while also having the ability to strike at the heart of the New Zealand government in Wellington. This was the motivation behind the recruitment of the Wellington “peace activists”. Specifically, attacking Parliament and assassinating John Key after the 2008 election were discussed. The Wellington group wanted to blow up power stations, gas plants, telecommunications and Waihopai signals intelligence base. One Auckland anarchist suggested that bombings would cause the public to think it was Al-Qaeda, and that they would lose public support. He was told that the strategy was to “divide Aotearoa”, and that public support, except amongst Tuhoe, was irrelevant.

In the Tuhoe area itself, the plotters planned to drive farmers from their land and resist an expected counterattack from the Police Special Tactics Group, using armour-piercing rounds to penetrate body armour. The leaders also discussed having recruits prove themselves by carrying out an armed robbery, and killing white people for “practice” to get them used to the idea of killing.


Ultimately, though, the Urewera plotters were dangerous not because of their guns or their anti-government plans, but because of their irrational, anti-life philosophy. It has been reported that the camps attendees were a disparate collection of activists, all with different ideologies. As New Zeal blogger Trevor Loudon has proven, however, they all had one ideology. Their ideal for New Zealand is unrestricted tribalism, no government, no rule of law, no industry, and no private property rights. Whether their focus is on indigenous rights, the environment, anarchism or “peace”, their activist organizations were linked. One over-arching organization which Loudon has identified is People’s Global Action, a Zapatista-inspired network which many of the arrestees were involved in [6].

It would be beyond the scope of this article to explain exactly why this philosophy is irrational and anti-life. However it can be shown that those arrested are the enemies of Western civilization, technological progress, capitalism, free trade and human industry. See Not PC’s posts “The litmus test for ‘social justice’” and “Another named” for examples [7].


The police were fully justified in their actions. Aside from the Dominion Post and the Christchurch Press, the media appear to have swallowed the stories of Tuhoe activists hook, line and sinker, resulting in myths such as the police search of a schoolbus (which never happened) and only four weapons being seized (it was 20) being repeated without question. It was the poorly drafted Terrorism Suppression Act which has left New Zealand almost defenceless, legally speaking, against a serious internal threat by well-armed, well-organized extremists, including many violent criminals, who sought ties with the terrorist state sponsor Iran, and who planned to kill people for practice. In short, the enemies of Western civilization itself. Congratulations to the New Zealand Police for their skilled and professional response, and shame on the media, politicians and activists who have attempted to minimize a very real threat to our security.

If you enjoyed this article, you may also be interested in my previous posts “Violence in New Zealand’s Future,” “Anzac Anarchists” and “India’s Red Menace” which all discuss the threat of violent leftist extremism. “Anzac Anarchists” specifically discusses activist Valerie Morse, one of the ‘Urewera 17′ arrestees.


  1. A press release on the 23rd October 2007 by newly formed organization “Friends of Wellington Terror Arrestees” listed 18 separate groups which the four people arrested in Wellington were involved in.
  2. Tim Shadbolt, Bullshit and Jellybeans, 1971, pp. 127-9.
  3. Ray van Beynen, Zero-Alpha: The NZ Police Armed Offenders Squad official history, HATM Productions, Auckland 1998, p. 108.
  4. Associated Press, “Raid on Maori village opens old wound,” December 16 2007.
  5. Trevor Loudon, “Iti Visited Iran?” November 18, 2007.
  6. Trevor Loudon, “‘Smoking Gun’-Proof That ‘Urewera 17′ Were Linked To International Anarchist Network,” January 6 2008.
    Trevor Loudon, “Origins of the Anarchist/Maori Radical Alliance 5 (Final),” January 11 2008.
  7. Peter Cresswell, Not PC, “Another named”, October 23 and “Litmus test for ‘social justice’”, November 15, 2007.

7 Responses to ““Violence is a virtue”: Why the Urewera 17 were a genuine threat”

[...] me me rephrase that. He walked up to the leader of the Urewera 17, who were plotting to assasinate Key himself – and shook the man’s [...]


[...] kind in New Zealand (because of course we live in a benign strategic environment where domestic terrorism is unheard of). This is not true. An aircraft squawked 7500 in 1995. I only know this because I [...]


[...] I can assure readers of Pacific Empire that the police were not imagining the terrorist training camps and plots to kill New Zealanders, including a threat to kill John Key after the upcoming election. For a full run-down of the evidence facing the domestic terrorists accused, see Phil’s excellent post, Violence Is A Virtue. [...]


Interesting article.
I fail to see however how any one can condone the raids of October 2007 as stopping Acts of terrorism.
The police may well have uncovered people gathering for instruction in acts of political dissent but terrorism goes way too far.The solicitor General had no choice to state the arrested could not be charged under the Anti terror legislation as there was simply not the evidence. The rhetoric after a mere PR job.
Nice touch mention the NZ gangs though and of course the people of of the East coast have affiliation with the Mongrel mob, that’s the place they originated from .There would be very little Maori families that do not have a gang connection somewhere in their Whakapapa.
The only unsolved murder by an IED was the caretaker of the Wellington Trades hall in the 70′s Ernie ABBOT.
I make no comment on the number of weapons seized, its a rural community simple.
No the claim of a silence .22 possible pistol?
perhaps its a cut down .22 rifle cut so short thats its physical measurements are the only thing that makes it a “pistol”.
The rastas in the Ruatoria area led by Chris CAMPBELL were simply drug suppliers thieves and stand over men. the reign ended by proactive approach by local police and Luke DONNELY shooting CAMPBELL. the remains of the group attempted to slur the police investigators who were cleared of any unlawful activity.
Now a Plot to kill KEY? if the police have the evidence why didn’t charge the “plotters” with conspiracy to commit murder?
Simple answer is that they have no evidence that would withstand cross examination in court.
I would love to read an unwashed copy of the original affidavit ,all 150 odd pages,as what I have seen is simple cut and pastes from transcripts of recorder phone conversations and on line trading site transaction that are very very weak.
An interesting post all the same


I may not share your political philosophy, but I believe the above story to be factual. So that is why I have copied your article onto my blog and acknowledged you people as the authors.

My blog: Beyond the HuttRiver


Peter Petterson


re•In 1987, a gang of Rastafarians in Ruatoria began an armed insurgency. Like the 2007 plotters, their leader declared war on New Zealand and talked about killing white people and driving farmers from their land. Their reign of terror involved capturing armed police at gunpoint, accusations of police brutality, and the arson of more than 60 buildings, including the courthouse and the police station. The rebellion only stopped when the Rasta leader, Chris Campbell, was shot dead by a local farmer in self-defence [3].

Accusations?? these were true and as we all know it police get off when they all stick together.
Chris Campbell was murdered by Luke Donnelly and it was not in self defence… Chris was unarmed and went to Luke’s house because he was called over there… Luke bragged about killing some Roosters (Rastas) days before hand… Luke Donnelly shot Chris Campbell 8-9 times with two different rifles. Of course Chris wanted our land back… how can it be that in three generations we,the descendants of this land, have nothing…no land to live in peace for ourselves… There is enough land for everyone to live in harmony with each other.
Luke Donnelly was also aquitted of all charges…funny that how the majority (if not all) the jury were…wait for it…Farmers…now how could that have happened through natural selection?? Also, not all the arsons were lit by the Ruatorian Rastas…it was also a plot by the
opposition…and no Mike Hemsley, we the maori people of the East Coast-Tairawhiti do NOT originate from the Mongrel Mob…We descend from a long line of chiefs whom 9 were killed (murdered) on Cooks arrival here, hence the Name given as Poverty Bay… Wouldnt you be hostile if your family were murdered in front of you?
We were not allowed to believe in our Gods or have penises on our carvings (most were cut off)or go to our Tohunga(experts). When we weren’t beaten in the NZ wars, what do you think happened next?? only small pox where maori had no immunity to…maori complied, learnt the english language, the bible (even translated it)adapted to being abused and hated in their own land. The result being a win-lose situation. My ancestors have worked hard to save what little is left for us and still we get abused in the papers for being greedy. Who gives one race the right to be superior to all other races?? Masters in Intimidation and Control of course.


Want more info on Gun city, Tuhoe & arms see 1999 State Secrets II.

Scuse my website currently in state of mid construction and proofing so it bit mess right now.


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